What is a map? Scientific research on understanding the term “map” in the context of the development of LBS and autonomous navigation systems

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In the face of strikingly intense technological development, there are significant discrepancies in the understanding of the concept of a “map”, which is fundamental to the geoinformation community, both in social perception context and scientific discourse. Because of the development of electronic products for which information about space is necessary, there is a growing need for systematizing basic concepts to avoid several scientific or practical misunderstandings.

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We all use the term “map” in various ways when creating LBS applications and autonomous navigation systems. These solutions are today the driver of geoinformation development. Thanks to such technologies, we use more information than ever before about the space around us. Methods of transferring information are increasingly different than in the past. Information that reaches users are sometimes ordered and adjusted to the user’s perception level or sometimes not.

In the face of the development of autonomous systems, interesting questions arise, e.g. whether a map user must always be a human, or can it also be a machine, e.g. a computer in an autonomous car or an autopilot in an aeroplane or UAV? When do we deal only with data transfer and when with a map?


If you want to stop for a moment in your everyday professional rush and think about these problems, we encourage you to take part in our study. On the one hand, it can be an opportunity for self-reflection, and on the other, you’ll help us understand how geoinformation technology changes the perception of the concept of “map”, which is so important for the entire geoinformation community. After the research is completed and published in a scientific journal, we will share the results with you.

We conducted the first part of the research at Warsaw University of Technology on a group of people for whom Polish is the primary language. Together with the Vienna University of Technology, we are now expanding our research to include English-speaking, German-speaking and Spanish-speaking people. We plan to conduct scientific research with subsequent groups soon to determine whether this concept is now received similarly in different languages.

Choose a questionnaire depending on which language is your primary language. The survey will take you less than 5 minutes to complete.

Thank you very much and we encourage you to think about the meaning of the term map yesterday and today.

English version: https://www.interankiety.pl/i/bW6Rbj5W

German version: https://www.interankiety.pl/i/d4RxyqVP

Spanish version: https://www.interankiety.pl/i/xzLny2b9

Chinese version:  https://www.interankieta.pl/i/moQWBw3v


Professor in the Department of Cartography at Warsaw University of Technology. From 2012 to 2016, the Associate Dean for Science and Development at the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography, Warsaw University of Technology. One of the initiators of creating the Geoinformatics major at the University. Professional interests: geoinformatics, mobile cartography, LBS, indoor cartography, spatial data modelling, SDI, GIS, spatial databases, cyberinfrastructures.