Taxis in Japan turn to AI to take on ridesharing services


Picture this: It is 8 am. You have successfully tackled the morning rush, packed your lunch, and even managed to grab some breakfast. All you need to do now is call for a cab and be on your way to work. Wait! Your Uber says it will take 20 minutes to arrive. Now, you don’t have that kind of time to waste. So, you step out looking for public transit.

But, what if a local taxi were idling near your home at that time? Well, this is exactly what taxi service providers in Japan plan to do.

Using location-based Big Data and Artificial Intelligence (AI) to predict where the demand for taxis will come from next, local taxi operators in Japan want to outshine ridesharing services like Uber and Didi. And the last couple of months have seen not one but two major joint ventures being announced on this front.

The first announcement came from Sony Corporation in February when the company said it was joining forces with six taxi providers in Japan to establish a new company in Spring 2018. This new organization will develop and operate taxi dispatch service applications based on AI. “Sony plans to offer AI technology for taxi demand forecast etc. to the new company,” the statement read, without detailing much about the actual technology at work. But it did say that the services developed will be offered to other willing taxi operators across Japan as well.

Post that, in March, Toyota announced it was launching a demand-predicting taxi dispatch support in collaboration with JapanTaxi, KDDI Corporation, and Accenture. Now, these companies will collate data from taxi service logs and demographic predictions and combine it with other variable factors like weather forecast, public transport availability, and large-scale events. Based on this information, an AI-based system will predict the demand for taxi services and advise drivers to position their vehicles at strategic locations. The companies have already deployed this system in Metropolitan Tokyo on a trial basis.

In a recent study, researchers at Penn State have underscored the importance of accurate prediction of taxi demand for sustainable cities. “Better predictions could lessen the time taxis idle waiting for rides, making cities cleaner,” the researchers maintain. “Because accidents tend to happen more often in congested areas, better ride prediction technology could also improve safety.”

As we wait for the Japanese taxi dispatch models to validate these findings, one thing is already sure: Local taxi service providers can expect an increase in their earnings. According to Toyota, drivers who used the system during the pilot in February 2018 recorded an average sales increase of 20.4% on a month-to-month basis, compared to an overall average increase of 9.4%. Here’s to location technology disrupting the taxi industry all over again!

Ishveena is a geospatial enthusiast and a veteran of creating and managing compelling digital content for organizations and individuals. When she is not making magic at her desk, you are likely to find her exploring nature, eating her way through life, or binge-watching funny animal videos.